In 1919, the “Treaty of Saint Germain” was signed, ending the First World War.
In 1939, Canada declared war on Germany. Originally it was thought that Canada’s role would be to supply war materiel to Britain, which had declared war seven days earlier, and Prime Minister Mackenzie King took a stand against conscription. But by 1940, 500,000 Canadians had enlisted and when Japan entered the war a year later, King held a plebiscite which allowed him to begin the draft. In total, almost 42,000 Canadian service personnel died in the Second World War.
In 1960, Halifax International Airport was opened.
In 1985, the federal government announced a series of legal, diplomatic and navigational measures to strengthen Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic. The steps included the immediate increase in the number of military surveillance flights in the Arctic and signing a cabinet order detailing the waters in the vast Arctic archipelago Canada considers to be internal waters.
In 2000, Tiger Woods won the Canadian Open golf championship at Glen Abbey golf course in Oakville, Ont. He became the second golfer (Lee Trevino in 1971) to win the U.S. Open, the British Open and the Canadian Open in the same year.
In 2008, Conservative Leader Stephen Harper pledged to withdraw all Canadian troops from Afghanistan in 2011.
In 2010, BCE announced it was buying the rest of the CTV television network it didn’t already own for $1.3 billion. The deal also saw a majority stake in the Globe and Mail pass to the Thomson family, though BCE held on to a 15 per cent stake.
In 2013, the minority Quebec government released its proposals for a “values charter” aimed at restricting religious clothing and symbols worn by employees at all government institutions. The proposals set off a storm of controversy. (The bill died after the Parti Quebecois lost the April 2014 election to the Liberal Party.)